University of North Dakota
- The University of North Dakota, which was established in 1883, is the state’s most comprehensive research university and the primary center for professional education and training (located in Grand Forks, North Dakota)
- undergraduate education is offered in 218 fields of study
- The most popular areas are the Colleges of Aerospace Sciences, Business, Arts and Sciences, Education and Human Development, Engineering, Graduate School, Medicine and Nursing
- accredited graduate schools of law and medicine
- total enrollment - undergraduate approximately 12,500 students and 2,560 graduate and professional (law and medicine)students
- 297 tenured faculty and 151 tenure-track faculty, 974 professional and scientific staff, 1060 general staff
- accredited by the North Central Association of Colleges and Universities
John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences (UND Aerospace)
- international leader in aviation education and flight training (fixed wing and helicopter)
- total students: 1,900
- houses four academic departments: Aviation, Atmospheric Sciences, Earth Systems Science and Policy, and Space Studies
- offers 17 degree programs including five master’s degree programs and four doctorate degrees
- number of employees is nearly 900 (includes more than 200 flight instructors)
- modern aerospace complex dedicated to integrating government, industry and education
- program started with 12 students and two aircraft
- founded as Department of Aviation within UND’s College of Business (1968)
- renamed Center for Aerospace Sciences (1982), granted full status as a college in 1983, renamed John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences in 1998
- nation’s first aviation degree program combined with a professionally accredited undergraduate business degree
- established nation’s first hands-on ATC tower training with FAA tower chief supervision for college-level students (1971)
- All-American football alum Dr. Bruce A. Smith was named Dean of UND Aerospace in January, 2000
- Aviation-- two undergraduate degrees, two minors and one masters degree
designed to prepare top caliber aerospace industry professionals for variety of
careers in government and industry; Commercial Aviation and Air Traffic Control
majors are accredited by the Aviation Accreditation Board International (AABI) and
the Association to Advance Collegiate Schools of Business (AACSB).
- Masters of Science in Aviation (M.S.)- emphasis on fields within the industry, ranging from the airlines to corporate aviation, general aviation to airport and aviation management
- Aviation Management (B.B.A.)- emphasis on preparing for piloting careers and airside-related management (degree granted by College of Business and Public Administrations)
- Airport Management (B.B.A.)- emphasis on preparing for administrative positions related to groundside management (degree granted by College of Business and Public Administrations)
- Aeronautics (B.S.) - emphasis on liberal arts preparation for professional flight,
air traffic control, or aviation education careers – five majors:
- Commercial Aviation
- Aviation Technology Management
- Air Traffic Control Operations
- Flight Education
- Unmanned Aircraft Systems
Atmospheric Sciences- offers B.S., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees (and undergraduate minor); designed to prepare graduates for positions in applied meteorology, research and academia; widely-respected for lab-intensive curriculum; facilities include polarimetric Doppler radar, research jet, and field sites for transportation and hydrologic research; developed in 1981 as outgrowth of strong atmospheric research program; master’s degree program began in fall 1998, Ph.D. in fall 2006
Earth System Science and Policy- offers M.E.M., M.S., and Ph.D. degrees; provides an integrated and creative learning environment that fosters intellectual growth, critical thinking and practical engagement in research and management of the Earth system and resources. ESSP’s objective is the science and policy of environmental sustainability. Sustainability science focuses on the dynamic interactions between nature and policy by meeting human needs and values while preserving the planet’s life support systems.
Space Studies- offers M.S. (and undergraduate minor)and Ph.D.; provides students with introduction to the variety of space projects and issues that will affect their lifestyles and careers in coming decades; the nation’s first interdisciplinary Master’s and Ph.D. degree; offers degree to traditional students on campus and to distant learners via DVD and the Internet (125 majors)
Ph.D. in Aerospace Studies- a joint program between the Aviation and Space Studies departments that focuses on applied research within the aerospace arena.
Research is being conducted by faculty members with the assistance of graduate and undergraduate students. Current areas of research include:
- with University of Minnesota- Crookston to provide flight instruction for aviation students with a mission-specific interest(s) in natural resources, law enforcement, aerial application, and business
- with Chandler-Gilbert Community College (CGCC) in Phoenix, Arizona, to offer an Aviation two-year degree program at CGCC, with the option to transfer to the University of North Dakota to continue flight, air traffic control or aviation management training and receive a 4 year aviation degree at the University of North Dakota
- with Northland Community College in Thief River Falls, Minnesota, to support the University of North Dakota’s aviation technology management maintenance majors
Flight Training (all sites, including Grand Forks)
- FAA FAR Part 141 approved flight school
- operational statistics- nearly 120,000 flight training hours per year
- 1500+ collegiate and international aviation students enrolled
- 200+ flight instructors and 70 maintenance personnel
- fully integrated with academic instruction- certificates/ratings:
- private (airplane, rotorcraft)
- instrument (airplane, rotorcraft)
- CFI (airplane, rotorcraft)
- ATP (single-engine, multi-engine, rotorcraft)
- commercial (airplane, rotorcraft)
- single-engine seaplane
- CFII (airplane, rotorcraft)
- aerobatic and tailwheel training
- one of the world’s largest flight training fleets incorporating modern glass panel Piper Seminoles, and Cessna 172s
- fleet of 126 aircraft (includes jet aircraft, piston-powered and turbine-powered helicopters, and unmanned aerial systems (UAS)) and 25 flight training devices (FTD)
- all aircraft equipped with safety devices including Mode-C altitude encoders, recognition lights, ELTs, and survival kits, most with ADS-B
- FAA Level 6 certified CRJ-200 regional jet Flight Training Device (FTD) for training pilots in a modern automated, glass flight deck regional jet
- flight environment - fully-instrumented airport with two sets of parallel runways; modern 90-foot ATC facility onsite; approach control by Grand Forks Air Force Base (10 miles to the west), 12 satellite airports within 40 miles available for VFR and IFR operations
- random drug testing of employees and students involved in flight training
The research being conducted by the department involves both graduate and undergraduate students as research assistants. In addition, many undergraduate students are utilized in the gathering of data for this research. Specific research being conducted is listed below.
- Weather in the flight deck – to determine what weather information pilots need during different phases of flight that is digitally broadcast to flight deck instrumentation to ensure that pilots can best respond to weather related effects and manage the aircraft accordingly.
- Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) – several different studies that look as research development, testing and demonstration of payload and sensor systems for small UAS platforms, recommendations to the FAA for Federal Aviation Regulations covering the operation of UAS operator training curriculum and the ability for UAS aircraft to sense and avoid other aircraft.
- Aviation Safety Information Data Mining – determine the best way to obtain, process, disseminate FAA, NTSB and NASA safety data to pilots and organizations to more effectively use this information to enhance the overall safety of aviation.
- Helipad Lighting Systems-FAA funded project to find optimal number of lights for a helipad that will enhance operational safety for helicopters
- Loss of control-a study of Loss of control (LOC) accidents that develops a data-driven approach to identifying high priority safety initiatives for general aviation and mitigation of accident causes.
- Airport Surface Detection Equipment, Model X, (ASDE-X)-collect and analyze baseline data for ASDE-X operations in order to study the safety enhancing possibilities of this new technology.
- Flight Data Monitoring-study to create a model for flight data monitoring (FDM) for general aviation that will help create a proactive response to reducing general aviation accidents.
Research is being conducted by faculty members with the assistance of graduate and undergraduate students. Current areas of research include:
- Use of numerical models and satellite observations of the atmosphere for improving satellite remote sensing techniques, understanding tornado genesis processes, tracking and forecasting the movement of atmospheric aerosols, and observing long-term trends in cloud properties.
- Airborne observations of clouds, aerosols, winds, turbulence, electric fields, and atmospheric gases.
- Radar observations of convective storms and winter precipitation.
- Observations and numerical modeling of surface transportation weather environments.
- Numerical modeling of regional climate change processes.
- Investigating the effects of the atmosphere on UAS operations and the use of UAS platforms to better understand the atmosphere.
Earth System Science and Policy Research
EESP and its Center for People and the Environment, forms a regionally unique capacity for delivery of NASA data, and other geospatial data set, directly to hundreds of end users, including agricultural producers, educators, foresters, and land managers, as well as state, local and tribal representatives. To support this capacity the research activities involved graduate faculty, graduates students, and other faculty and staffs from the Department. Research activities include:
- Environmental modeling and sustainability issues, especially the global and regional impacts of changing climate, simulation the land use change, CIS- integrated and web-based models.
- Adoption of energy crop, switchgrass, into the traditional cropping system; rapid integration of remote sensing data as decision-support tool for in-field management; use of satellite data in crop modeling; and helping end-users integrate remote sensing and other spatial technologies as tools into land management practices.
- Examines issues at the interface between environmental science and public policy such as state and local government adaptation planning for climate change impacts in the Northern Great Plains, challenges in collaboration between government agencies and stakeholders in public land management, and public participation in environmental policy-making.
- Use of MODIS land product data in model-data assimilation, application of quantitative information from hyperspectral and multi-angle imaging to vegetation description, multi-criteria and decision frameworks for coupled human-environment systems, and methods and approaches to application of spatial data for land use management.
- Radiative transfer, applications of remote sensing, and geographic information system, especially: satellite remote sensing of evapotranspiration; radiometric calibration and atmospheric correction for ISSAC; ocean optics in China seas.
- Environmental and natural resource economics and ecological economics with specific emphasis on institutions and mechanisms that guide human behavior in natural resource use and management.
- Remote sensing techniques, including NASA imagery and Digital Elevation Models to research glacial elevation and volume changes in Rocky Mountains and Coast Ranges of North America; study rivers of western North Dakota to determine if and how climatic and human induced changes could be affecting stream flow, channel morphology, and overall riparian ecosystems.
- Development of sensors and related technologies. Two sensor systems designed and developed with NASA funding- one for airborne operations AEROCam (Airborne Environmental Research Observation Camera) and the other aboard the International Space Station, ISSAC (International Space Station Agricultural Camera).
- Lead Organizations for the North Dakota Center of Excellence in Space Technology and Operations, in partnership with the Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Space Studies, as well as private sector companies. Focus is on applications of Radio Occultation measurements for climate modeling, weather forecasting and ‘space weather’ effects on the ionosphere.
- Web portal development, The Digital Northern Great Plains (Digital-NGP or DNGP), to make the value-added information derived from remote sensing and other geospatial data easily accessible to the general public and to end users in our region. Provides training directly to end users.
Space Studies Research
- Design and construction of space exploration and planetary surface exploration space suits.
- Remote sensing using image processing software. Ground truth equipment is also available. Considerable amount of satellite data is available for specific projects sites.
- Research in the physics of heat and mass exchanges under altered pressures, low-pressure plant physiology and stability limits of closed material cycles.
- Diverse astronomical observing opportunities with multiple internet controllable telescopes.
- Visible and near-infrared (VNIR) reflectance spectroscopy used a means to remotely characterize the mineralogy, mineral chemistry and mineral abundance of the surface of a planetary objet.
- NIR asteroid spectroscopy and photometry research, variable star photometry, and intrinsic sunspot rotation and solar filament research.
- Scholarships – over $250,000+ in scholarships and training awards are given annually to 110 students; supported by industry and alumni
- Cooperative education – place students in “training with industry” internships across the country
- Weather modification pilot training – conducted since 1974 to provide training and flight experience for 9-12 aviation majors annually
- Student organizations – 21 student organizations
- Flying team – national NIFA champions 16 of the past 28 years
- The UND Aerobatics Flying Team competes in three competitions throughout the year; competitors fly a sequence of aerobatic maneuvers while being scored by a group of judges from the International Aerobatics Club – national champions (collegiate) 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011
- Two national, award-winning International Aerospace Camps serving ages 16-17 each summer
Aerospace complex of six buildings (five education and one hotel) on western edge of 560-acre campus; totaling more than 260,000 square feet; all buildings in the complex connected by skywalks
- Odegard Hall – funded with $2million airway science grant; opened in August
1984; 56,000 square feet; houses modern classrooms and laboratories for aviation
education; base of academic program administration and cornerstone of rapidly-developing
aerospace complex – specialized facilities include:
- Altitude Chamber - the only civilian-operated hypobaric chamber used for training purposes; donated by the U.S. Air Force for aviation physiology training program; Refurbished by the UND Aerospace Foundation
- Regional Weather Information Center – 24 hour monitoring of worldwide surface and upper atmospheric data used in FAA-funded research; forecast center on-site, real-time weather instrumentation for use in daily weather forecasting; broadcast studios for daily weather segments on the North Dakota Public TV and radio; the success of RWIC’s Advanced Transportation Weather Information System (ATWIS) resulted in becoming the template for the Federal Highway Administration’s new ‘511’ traveler information system
- Atmospherium – planetarium and multi-media theater-style auditorium; used as night vision trainer in aviation physiology training; used as interactive video classroom
- Ryan Hall – built jointly with Northwest Aerospace Training Company (NATCO);
opened in 1988; total of 63,112 square feet; houses classrooms, Aerospace Network
distance learning television production facilities, and labs for flight training
and air traffic control training – specialized facilities:
- Flight Simulator Lab – 14 fixed base simulators with high resolution color visuals– all multi-crew simulators (specifications to simulate training fleet aircraft) including FAA level 3 certified devices
- Two Frasca Helicopter FTD – specially designed helicopter FTD with three channel display and ground illumination to simulate both the Bell 206 Jet Ranger and the Schweitzer 300C (Hughes 300) helicopters used at JDOSAS
- Level 6 Canadair Regional Jet (CRJ-200) simulator – Provides transition from light twin aircraft to modern and sophisticated glass-cockpit regional jets aviation students will be flying in the near future; Airlines have found that students who have taken this course are very successful during intro airline training
- Air Traffic Control Simulation Lab - 32 state-of-the-art ATC simulators; teaches radar and non-radar ATC procedures and methodology; simulates en route or terminal airspace scenario worldwide; simulates STARS III and Stage A operations and features of AAS; 225° tower simulator has voice recognition and is integrated with eight radar stations; 360° tower simulator with 12 radar stations
- UND Aerospace Test Center – Delivers FAA knowledge exams plus IT exams; dedicated faculty with 12 computer learning workstations delivering custom in-house developed training software providing instruction in aircraft system, procedures, instrument flight and examination tutorials; includes procedures and system training software for FMSGS (flight management guidance system)
- Aerospace Network (ASN) Distant Learning Broadcast Center – A support division of the John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences. Dedicated to the advancement of innovative educational approaches and technologies, ASN’s unique combination of full-service broadcast and multimedia production facility coupled with software design and development expertise have made it an incubator for online learning projects throughout the region.
- ASN manages the facilities for live broadcast, video production, multimedia production, graphics, computer programming, and Internet Web site design. Ryan Hall is home to ASN’s video production and broadcast facilities. The control room has both on and off-line editing capabilities, special effects, and computer animation capabilities. A complete video production center, ASN produces broadcast quality video material for local and remote distribution.
- The spacecraft Simulator facility has both a vertical and a horizontal facility. They were designed and constructed by students in the Departments of Space Studies and Mechanical Engineering at UND.
- Clifford Hall - $8.4 million in funding provided by USDA; dedicated in
May 1992; houses offices and labs of Atmospheric Sciences, Earth System Science
and Policy, and Space Studies Departments; 71,500 square feet includes auditorium
for student use; expands program in atmospheric research, earth system science and
policy, and space studies with emphasis on greater utilization for satellite-based
technology for timely and accurate weather
- 360° Air Traffic Control Tower Simulator in addition to ATC program to integrate controllers in a realistic environment; controllers train to operate in the busiest airports in aviation
- ISSAC Science Operations Center (SOC) to manage image requests, perform image acquisitions and other ISSAC operational commands, and receive, process and deliver images to end users (general public)
- Scientific Computing Center (SCC) provides support for the unique and extensive computing and networking needs of the John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences. Headquartered on the first floor of Clifford Hall, SCC supports the academic departments and associated operations across 12 campus buildings, including eight at the Grand Forks International Airport.
- Aerospace Datacenter (CH 140): The SCC facility was completed in 1992. It was specifically designed to accommodate the special operating requirements of computer equipment. The access controlled datacenter is outfitted with filtered, redundant power systems, temperature and humidity control, anti-static carpet, and raised flooring for cable distribution. Two levels of electronic security protect the area. All of the fiber optic and copper network cable throughout Aerospace terminates in the datacenter.
- Students in the Human Spaceflight laboratory have developed two prototype space suites: One to be worn on the surface of mars and the other to be worn on the surface of the moon.
- The Life Sciences Laboratory allows students and faculty to study closed loop ecological systems that will be used on future space stations, long duration space missions and lunar or Martian settlements.
- The offices of the NASA North Dakota Space Grant Consortium and North Dakota NASA EPSCoR are housed in the department of space Studies. Through these programs, opportunities are given to undergraduate and graduate students as well as faculty to do research that are of interest to the space agency.
- The Spaceflight Simulator facility has both a vertical launch simulator (much like the Apollo spacecraft) and a horizontal launch simulator (much like SpaceShip One). The use of the simulators is available on a limited basis for visitors to the UND campus and for classes. A scheduled appointment is required.
- The Remote Sensing lab, the Space Life Sciences lab and Asteroid lab allow students at UND to experience a diverse set of research opportunities.
- The UND Observatory (located a few miles west of campus) is the only active astronomical observatory in the state of North Dakota.
Flight Operational Facilities
- based at Grand Forks International Airport, six miles from campus; shuttle busses run between campus and flight training center every 15 minutes
- sixteen-building flight training complex of more than 303,000 sq. ft. on 13.6 acres- instructional/administrative (180,300 sq. ft.); maintenance (35,500 sq. ft.); hangars (107,000 sq. ft.)
- five-story flight operations administration building provides contract program, flight instructor office space and administrative areas; glass skywalk connects facility to other buildings in the complex
- flight planning room- computerized network of real-time weather terminals, direct access telephones to Flight Service Stations
- computerized flight records, dispatch, maintenance records connected by fiber optic link to UND Aerospace Datacenter on campus; conveniently located terminals for student use in scheduling flights and phase checks
- all flight training is monitored by a manager on duty and a supervisor of flight, and is tracked electronically
- UND Aerospace Foundation (UNDAF) established in 1985 as a North Dakota non-profit corporation to promote university-industry joint ventures and technology transfer with industry; organized to build upon existing expertise and resources
- aviation physiology training – workshops available to corporate and commercial flight crews and general aviation pilots; taught as college lab course for aviation undergraduates; designed to create awareness of physiological and psychological hazards of high altitude flight; includes hypoxia and rapid decompression flights in hypobaric chamber; directed by certified aerospace physiologists and FAA Flight Surgeon; representatives from more than 130 corporations worldwide have attended since 1989 – clients range from small departments to national flagship airlines, as well as U.S. Air Force and National Guard units
- providing quality education at UND Aerospace’s collegiate flight training centers in Crookston, MN; Phoenix, AZ
- Air Traffic Controller contract training- customized programs for initial and recurrent training for Norway
- Weather and Road Surveillance Monitoring (MNDOT, SDDOT, IDAHO)
- broadcasting and video production – commercial activities maximize the capabilities and capacity of facilities, personnel and technology
- educational software development/commercialization (HTMLeZ) – allows students and instructors to use web pages as educational resources without years of web design training or a well-staffed IT department
- AIMS – Aviation Information Management System commercialization; used to keep flight records, dispatch and maintenance records, as well as scheduling, and other tools such as weight and balance and cross-country calculators
- a contract between Tokai University and the University of North Dakota Aerospace Foundation (UNDAF), to teach approximately 60 students a year at the John D. Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences (JDOSAS) facilities since April 2007
- aviation education/pilot training contracts with Taiwan and Air China (Peoples Republic of China) since January and March, 2007
- EVA Airlines- flight training contract
- Saudi MOI helicopter 75 students and 30 students training on fixed wing
- Software development- UAS specific CBT and Curricula