Investigate atmospheric changes with altitude, increased radiation effects, climate change, and aviation, turbulence, and high-altitude conditions.
Investigate how human respiration and circulation work under normal circumstances, and what specifically changes at altitude. Discuss methods of maximizing biological efficiency.
Discuss human vision and anomalies to vision, factors affecting visual illusions in the various phases of flight, automated orientation and the hazards of such, enhanced visual systems, overcoming visual illusions in flight and during approaches and landings, physical hazards of vision, and laser strike hazards and mitigation.
Discuss the four types of hypoxia and associated factors (altitude, medication, smoke and fumes, rapid decompressions, etc.). Discuss causal factors, symptoms, factors influencing hypoxia, and recognized treatment methodology.
Discuss the affected areas of the body, causal factors, symptoms, factors influencing the various maladies, and treatment options.
Discuss the various types of equipment available for pilots, cabin crew, and passengers, proper utilization of the equipment, pre- and in-flight inspection of oxygen systems, and new technology.
Experience an altitude chamber flight to FL250 to practice oxygen equipment inspection and usage, learn the effects of pressure change, experience slow- and rapid-onset hypoxia recognition and recovery techniques, and experience a hypoxic visual impairment demonstration.
Review the chamber flight with our instructors via discussion and video review of hypoxia demonstration.
Discuss the different types of pressurization systems, causal factors and recognition of slow, rapid, and explosive decompressions, physiological and physical indications and hazards of decompressions, and proper response strategies to implement in the event of a decompression.
Experience a rapid decompression in a realistic environment, allowing crew-members to practice proper response techniques in a controlled situation using actual aircraft oxygen equipment.
Discuss human orientation and disorientation issues, factors affecting orientation, automation interaction issues, physiological response during disorientation, and mitigation methods to employ when disoriented.
Experience disorientation in a full-motion simulator and employ proper corrective actions.
Discuss the most dangerous phases of flight, impact concerns and human tolerances, injury patterns, preparation for impact, and safe egress of the aircraft.